Coastal Management

Coastal Management

PGLOA has a vested interest in coastal management, not only because it is the key signature of our precinct, but more importantly, because Port Geographe landowners are in part financing these activities through the SAR  contribution to the Waterways Management Reserve Fund. This vested interest is even more heightened by the fact that the extent of the designated Port Geographe Coastal Management Area (PGCMA), to which we are contributing, extends well beyond the SAR catchment zone.

Following the completion of the Groyne Reconfiguration Project in May 2015, Department of Transport (DoT) has the ongoing responsibility for the performance of the coastal features. DoT provides yearly updates on the monitoring and maintenance works.

The initial update of 2015 by DoT gave the first indication of a much improved natural by-passing in the first winter. Notwithstanding this, in late 2015 DoT undertook a substantial sand-trucking and deposition program on Wonnerup Beach, euphemistically called “nourishment”.

Quantitative measurements of post-winter wrack accumulations by DoT in the previous three years gave volumes in the range of 115,000m3 to 150,000m3.

The update for 2016 – a year of strong storms – showed a residual wrack of 15,000m3. Significantly it also showed an encouraging accumulation of sand on the Western Beach, together with pockets of depletion at Wonnerup Beach, and accumulations of wrack and sand in the port channel. No sand trucking was undertaken that year, but dredging was required in the port channel.

The 2017 update can be viewed at: www.transport.wa.gov.au/portgeographe It noted a post-winter wrack build of only 12,000m3 and further accretion of sand at the Western Beach. There was further build-up in the port channel, again requiring dredging, and pockets of sand depletion at Wonnerup. The latter influenced DoT to undertake a major importation of sand all along Wonnerup Beach in the Autumn of 2018.

Aerial view Port Geographe 22 Dec 2017, courtesy Department of Transport

Based on these observations it can be concluded:

  • Post-winter wrack accumulations after groyne re-configuration are about one tenth of that prior to groyne re-configuration
  • More sand is arriving at the Western Beach than is naturally by-passing
  • Some of the sand that is naturally by-passing is accumulating in the port channel
  • Channel dredging will likely be an annual requirement
  • Deposition of dredged sand may or may not be enough to nourish Wonnerup Beach.
  • Overall the re-configured groynes are performing well
  • The coast-line in the immediate vicinity of Port Geographe is progressively equilibrating by natural long-shore littoral-drift processes.

It is noticeable that the DoT updates are not as yet estimating natural sand-volume movements, and the necessity for large-scale “nourishment” at Wonnerup remains un-quantified. There is some evidence that pockets of so-called “erosion” on Wonnerup Beach are due to overfill, as shown in this image.

 

On the basis of the DoT reports, the PGLOA committee has adopted a view that no further works of a by-passing nature should be undertaken along the coastal strip for which SAR money is used, until natural processes have come to a new equilibrium, as identified by the annual reviews by DoT. We consider this will take about four years after groyne re-configuration. However we also advocate the merit of artificially assisting the natural build-up of Western Beach against the western groyne.

We welcome the recently announced joint review of sand and wrack movements along the coast by the City and DoT over the 2018 winter. We seek to be involved in some way, especially as it will focus solely on the designated Coastal Management Area, for which we have a pecuniary interest. This joint review will look at options in relation to waterways, entrance channel, and Wonnerup and Western Beaches, which is central to the core interest of PGLOA.

We all must remember that, because of its proximity to one of the largest seagrass meadows in WA, the entire Geographe Bay coastline has been plastered with seagrass wrack for eons. The location of wrack can, depending on weather conditions, be both static and dynamic, with material arriving and passing in just a short time. This is strikingly evident with the inconvenient accumulations of wrack in the vicinity of the iconic Busselton Jetty after the storm of mid-May 2018.

Notwithstanding our view to let coastal process equilibrate over a reasonable period of time, it is becoming increasingly evident that the channel will require annual dredging. We understand the same dredging contractor is engaged for Mandurah, Halls Head and Port Geographe, and this is an annual cycle of works.

It can reasonably be inferred that the Busselton City Council intends that the circa $300k annual contribution from the WMRF that holds our SAR money will be destined to channel dredging in perpetuity. The question why SAR ratepayers are the only local sector paying for dredging of a public port remains unanswered.